armistice n : a state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms [syn: cease-fire, truce]
ceasefire, a truce.
- Albanian: armëpushim g Albanian
- Bulgarian: примирие
- trreq Chinese
- Croatian: primirje
- Dutch: wapenstilstand , staakt-het-vuren
- Finnish: aselepo
- French: armistice
- German: Waffenstillstand
- Ido: armistico
- Italian: armistizio
- Latin: indutiae f|p
- Norwegian: våpenhvile g Norwegian
- Portuguese: armistício
- Spanish: armisticio
- Swedish: vapenvila
- trreq Turkish
An armistice is when the warring parties agree to stop fighting. It is not necessarily the end of a war, but can instead be just a cease fire. It is derived from the Latin arma, meaning weapons and statium, meaning a stopping.
A truce or ceasefire usually refers to a temporary cessation of hostilities for an agreed limited time or within a limited area. A truce may be needed in order to negotiate an armistice. An armistice is a modus vivendi and is not the same as a peace treaty, which may take months or even years to agree on. The 1953 Korean War armistice is a major example of an armistice which has not yet been followed by a peace treaty.
The United Nations Security Council often imposes or tries to impose cease-fire resolutions on parties in modern conflicts. Armistices are always negotiated between the parties themselves and are thus generally seen as more binding than non-mandatory UN cease-fire resolutions in modern international law.
The key aspect in an armistice is the fact that "all fighting ends with no one surrendering". This is in contrast to an unconditional surrender, which is a surrender without conditions, except for those provided by international law.
Notable armistices in historyThe most notable armistice, and the one which is still meant when people say simply "The Armistice", is the armistice at the end of World War I, on 11 November, 1918, signed near Compiègne, France, and effective at the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month."
Armistice Day is still celebrated in some places on the anniversary of that armistice; alternatively November 11, or a Sunday near to it, may still be observed as a Remembrance Day.
Other armistices in history are:
- Armistice of Stuhmsdorf of 1635 between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Sweden.
- World War I
- Armistice between Russia and the Central Powers, at Brest-Litovsk, 1917 (see Treaty of Brest-Litovsk)
- Armistice with Bulgaria, also known as the Armistice of Solun, September 1918
- Armistice with Germany (Compiègne), 1918
- Austrian-Italian Armistice of Villa Giusti ended the First World War on the Italian front in early November 1918
- Armistice of Mudros Between the Ottoman Empire and the Allies, 1918
- Armistice of Mudanya between Turkey, Italy, France and Britain and later Greece, 1922.
- World War
- Armistice with France (Second Compiègne), 1940
- Armistice of Saint Jean d'Acre between British forces in the Middle East and Vichy France forces in Syria, 1941
- Armistice with Italy, 1943
- Moscow Armistice, signed by Finland and the Soviet Union on September 19, 1944 ending the Continuation War.
- (Germany implemented an unconditional surrender at the end of the war, immediately prior to V-E day)
- Japanese Instrument of Surrender
- 1949 Armistice Agreements between Israel and its neighbors Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria.
- Korean War Armistice, July 1953.